A cyst is a pathological formation that occurs in the form of a protective reaction to infection, inflammation, damage to the gums. Exudate is contained inside the formation, which contains pathogenic bacteria. Neoplasms at the first stage are small – up to 6 mm. In dentistry, they are called granulomas. In the absence of therapy, they pass into cystogranuloma and cyst.
At the first stage, the disease is asymptomatic, the person is unaware of its presence. Unpleasant news often has to be learned from the dentist, who, upon examination, discovers a cyst. In such cases, an operation is immediately performed to remove the cyst.
The appearance of a cyst is a protective reaction of the body. Symptoms of the disease can be exacerbated by a decrease in immunity, hypothermia, nervous tension and stress. In the absence of therapy, the destruction of the jaw bones occurs. Subsequently, a person may lose a tooth. Prosthetics will be difficult, since the implant cannot be placed in this case.
Treatment begins with a diagnosis. You will definitely need an X-ray to exclude or confirm the presence of a neoplasm. After that, the doctor determines which cyst removal on the tooth can be applied. This is influenced by the stage of the disease. If you do not undergo a preventive examination by a dentist every 6-12 months, then most likely the disease will be in a severe stage.
In the treatment of cysts, modern methods are now used, which provide for therapy without damaging the integrity of the dentition. The main methods of treatment:
- Therapeutic. In this case, the cyst on the tooth is removed without surgery. Moreover, it should be small and located in different channels. Treatment consists of reaming and cleaning the root. In this process, the capsule will be damaged and the contents will leak out. The doctor disinfects the canal and the oral cavity. After removing the cyst of the tooth root, an antibiotic is injected into the cavity. After that, it is filled with a special paste for quick restoration of bone tissue.
- Surgical. Surgical removal of a tooth cyst is used when therapeutic treatment is not possible. In this method, the cyst and the affected root are completely removed. The neoplasm should have a diameter of more than 9 mm. The surgical method is indicated in the presence of a capsule that has arisen around a tooth with numerous roots or is located in a hard-to-reach place. Such removal of a cyst in a tooth is used in the presence of cracks or tooth injuries.
- Cystectomy. Removal of a dental cyst in this way is very often used in surgery. An incision is made on the gum and a capsule is removed through it. This treatment is done using local anesthesia. During the recovery period, the patient should take antibiotics.
- Hemisection. Such removal of a cyst of a tooth of the upper jaw or lower jaw is difficult. The doctor removes the capsule, root, and upper part of the tooth. After that, the patient needs to install prosthetics.
- Cystotomy. In this variant, the anterior wall of the neoplasm is removed. Such treatment can only be carried out by an experienced surgeon, since it is quite complex. The advantage is that the body of the tooth can be preserved unchanged.
If a tooth cyst is removed, the patient must adhere to the doctor’s recommendations. Basically, you will need to take antibiotics, exclude the consumption of cold and hot food, drinks, carefully monitor oral hygiene.
Patients often wonder how much it costs to remove a tooth cyst. The surgeon can say the exact cost after a full diagnosis. If a cyst of the lower jaw is diagnosed, the operation is determined by a safe method. Experienced surgeons apply an individual approach to each patient.
A cyst in the lower jaw or upper portion causes characteristic symptoms. In Dr. Kozak Dental clinic you can choose a dentist who will not be afraid to go for preventive examinations.