Tooth extraction is the most common surgical procedure. In some cases, it is the only way of getting rid of dental pain and sometimes gives serious complications. Before you go to the dentist every patient should know what to do before and after tooth extraction, and that is absolutely contraindicated.
Removal of teeth has a number of contraindications. So, it is impossible to carry out the operation:
- In the presence of infection (ARI, tonsillitis, flu);
- When high blood pressure;
- In the first three months after myocardial infarction;
- The first and last two months of pregnancy.
A few hours before the alleged removal of a tooth, it is desirable to be fed as soon as the operation is recommended for a long time not to eat. If you have a lot of surgery, for example, the removal of wisdom teeth, a few hours before it is recommended to take an anti-inflammatory and analgesic. Coping with anxiety will help the adoption of any sedative drug. Tooth extraction is recommended in the morning, because in the morning the body has not yet tired, and therefore easier to transfer this stress, the operation, albeit simple.
After removal of the tooth is strictly forbidden to touch the resulting wound tongue or finger. This can lead to infection from entering into it. Eating only 4-5 hours after surgery. Chew it must be very carefully on the opposite side of the wound. On the day of tooth extraction should refuse to accept too hot or too cold food.
The appearance of pain at the site of tooth extraction may indicate the presence of infection and inflammation development. Get rid of unpleasant sensations will help rinse the mouth with a solution of baking soda every 15 minutes. Increased pain is a cause of repeated access to a doctor. Complete healing of wounds on the removed tooth typically occurs through a half – two weeks.
Easy removal of permanent teeth
Simply removing the permanent tooth – a painless operation which takes only a few minutes and is performed on the teeth, crowns which sufficiently well visualized and can be firmly fixed with special tools, such as forceps. Operation of tooth extraction alveoli takes place under local anesthesia, or (in rare cases) general anesthesia. This tool is used, by which it can be slightly undermine (for violation of the integrity of periodontal tissues) and pull out.
Complicated removal of permanent teeth
Complicated removal of permanent teeth is carried out by highly qualified dental surgeon with lots of experience and is required if the tooth was cut is not fully developed or wrong if its root is twisted or broken and in some other cases. Removal of permanent tooth is considered complex if it requires additional dissection of the mucosa and bone tissue, the use of special tools and medicines.
Abnormal tooth extraction
Abnormal tooth extraction is used when the normal procedure can not be made to remove, or dystopic impacted (not completely cut through or does not do). Due to the increased trauma rebilitatsionny period lasts longer than usual. Very often carried atypical removal of wisdom teeth if they are located in the alveolar bone properly, have difficulty when cutting. Eighth teeth also removed as elective surgery to prevent complications with them in the future. Under the guidance of a qualified dentist, surgery to remove the tooth is painless and without risk to health.
The main indications for the atypical tooth extraction:
- The deficit of space in the dental arch when cutting;
- Impassable root canals in the complex shape of the teeth roots;
- Lack of access to porazhennnym tooth caries, pulpitis or peiodontitom;
- Other dental problems.